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Category: Attar blogs

Olfactory Fragrance Pyramid: Know your Fragrance Longevity

Fragrance Pyramid Longevity
Fragrance Pyramid Longevity

 

The Olfactory Nerve is also known as the first cranial nerve. It is a sensory nerve that functions for the sense of smell and constitutes to most important part in our body whenever someone comes in contact of any fragrance. The structure and architecture of any perfume is formed by the Olfactory Pyramid. It is divided into three levels, each of which corresponds to the strength of the various notes present. These notes will bring your perfume to life in different ways throughout the day.

Let’s dive into know your perfume a little better:

Just like music, fragrances are made up of different notes. By understanding your fragrance notes, you’ll be able to find the perfect fragrance every time for yourself.

Notes in perfumery are descriptors of scents that can be sensed upon the application of a perfume. These scents are split into three distinct elements:

  • Head Notes

  • Heart Notes

  • Base Notes

Together, the head, heart and base notes work together to create a magical fragrance.

Head Notes:

  • Highly volatile.

  • Provides initial spark to lure you.

  • Has a powerful impact on the wearer.

  • These aromas are described as fresh, assertive and sharp which include citrus elements (bergamot, lemon, orange zest), light fruits (anise, berries, grapefruit) and fresh herbs (basil, sage, lavender).

Heart Notes:

  • Moderately volatile.

  • Most Important note as it constitute 70% of the final fragrance.

  • Essence starts to make its appearance felt after the head note starts to dissipate.

  • Fragrance typically has spicy, woody, and floral notes because of this scents such as cinnamon, rose, lemongrass and neroli are common recognizable heart notes.

Base Notes:

  • Very less volatile, Long Lasting.

  • Offers depth and solidity to a perfume, can lasts really long for few scents i.e. more than 12hrs.

  • Forms the foundation for perfume.

  • Common base notes include cedarwood, sandalwood, vanilla, patchouli and musk.

Best Attar To Keep You Warm in Winter Season

Attars have taken the fragrance industry by storm because of their Alcohol-free nature and longevity. Attars are gaining significance and entering the mainstream perfumery business. Because of the fact that attars are the products of old ancient Arab Culture, the key factors like source ingredient, methods of preparation for most of the attars do not exist in a documented form. The renditions from oral culture have propagated the use of attars and made it popular in the present day. Although original information is not there, the basic information of the blending and mixing technique is deployed to extract attar from various naturally scented herbs, flowers, and spices.

The aromatic blend of oils extracted from natural ingredients like flower petals, herbs, and spices has the power to refresh your soul and is believed to transport your senses to a higher plane. The product is of organic nature and has superior quality, which makes the surrounding fresh and renewable. That is the reason why it forms an integral part of the prayer culture in Arab and the middle east.

But little do people know that apart from the attar being specific to a particular occasion of use, they are also categorized on the basis of the suitable season! Shocked, are you?

 Well, definitely yes, attar are made up of absolutely natural ingredients, hence, each attar has a specific season attached to it. Today, we will talk about four attar that have a special blend to make you feel warm and fuzzy when there is a chilling winter outside. 

Oud Attar

Oud, known in English as agarwood consisting of about 15 different species in the genus of Aquilaria, originates from the barks of trees that only grow in parts of southeast Asia. The highest quality Agarwood trees can be found in the former countries of Indochina, such as Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. The species known as Aquilaria malaccensis, found in Indonesia, is considered by many to be the best producer of agarwood resin. “Oud” is the Arabic term for a fragrant resinous wood. For thousands of years, it has been used in the Middle East and Asia in the form of wooden incense chips, body oils, and fragrance. 

Since this attar is made up of the bark of Agarwood Tree, it naturally tops the list. When you apply this attar, it will not only mmit the wody, incense like aroma but will surely warm you from the inside. Oud Attar can be worn by both males as well as females and is proven to suit each.

How to apply? 

  • Take a small quantity of the attar and apply it on the inner side of wrists. Then rub both the wrists against each other.
  • Apply on the inner side of each earlobe, then gently rub it.
  • These are the exterior pressure points of our body which allow the fragrance of attar to linger for a long time.

Musk Attar

The musk fragrance derives its name from its origin. According to classical renditions, the special fragrance was only found in the glands of a particular species of male deer. And the species was found in the northern temperate regions of the Himalayas. Being very rare in nature and the requirement of investing in high end techniques for extracting the scent, people started looking for alternatives. Being successful, people found that a similar scent is emitted by resins of some species of trees, including amber. From then on, a complex and handcrafted ensemble of different species producing the similar characteristic scent are used to extract what we know as Musk Attar.

Musk Attar is one of the most demanded attars in the market. It produces the richest note and is likely worn by males than females. Musk attar emits an almost similar fragrance like oud but richer. This attar is proven to raise the temperature of the body when applied in the right quantity. Here’s how.

How to apply?

  • Take a small quantity of the attar and apply it on the inner side of wrists. Then rub both the wrists against each other.
  • Apply on the inner side of each earlobe, then gently rub it.
  • These are the exterior pressure points of our body which allow the fragrance of attar to linger for a long time.

Amber Attar

Amber is actually the dried up resin of many leguminous trees growing in the different parts of the world. The amber is known for its beauty and unique nature since ancient times. It was also worn as jewellery by ancient people. The amber is somewhat the colour of liquid gold and shines under bright light. Some varieties of amber also produce a pleasing fragrance. The resin has herbal soothing properties. It can be consumed in tea as well as can be applied directly to the skin. Its special properties make it a likable herbal element in the market

The same amber is used to extract the attar. Being absolutely natural, this attar is derived from the barks of the trees. The property of the Amber Attar is therefore of warming. The attar produces a unique aroma with warm, woody undertones which will surely relax your entire body and soul.

How to Apply?

  • Take a small quantity of the attar and apply it on the inner side of wrists. Then rub both the wrists against each other.
  • Apply on the inner side of each earlobe, then gently rub it.
  • These are the exterior pressure points of our body which allow the fragrance of attar to linger for a long time.

Saffron Attar

Saffron or ‘Kesar’ as it is popularly known in India, not only has medicinal and flavouring value but also symbolic value. Kesar is the most expensive spice which is used in Indian households. Saffron is actually the filaments of the flowers of Iris family. The plant is a rare species in itself, let alone the filament! Besides being used in highly exotic dishes in India, our very own Tricolour Flag has the colour saffron at the top. The colour signifies sacrifice. Kesar also has a lot of health related benefits.

The attar extracted from the filaments offer the best aroma which one could imagine! The saffron attar is somewhat dark yellow in colour and is quite volatile. But it is one of those attars which despite being extracted from the filaments of the flower (and NOT the barks) is capable of providing the same warmth as Oud or Musk Attar. That is why one is always advised to have kesar milk in winter.

How to Apply?

  • Take a small quantity of the attar and apply it on the inner side of wrists. Then rub both the wrists against each other.
  • Apply on the inner side of each earlobe, then gently rub it.
  • These are the exterior pressure points of our body which allow the fragrance of attar to linger for a long time.

Natural Attars You Must Try This Season

Attar or Ittar has it’s etymology in Arabic term literally meaning ‘scent’. There are many stories about the origin of attar and it dates back to as far as 5000 years old Indus Valley Civilization. Archeological excavations find of Indus Valley Civilization reveal certain round copper stills. A detailed study by archeologists documents that these stills were used to make attar. These stills called Deg were carried around by attar makers to collect different flowers in full bloom. The petals of these flowers like Rose and Jasmine were used to prepare attar.

Mughal Emperor Jahangir was one of the first patrons of attar who promoted the production on an industrial scale. Emperor Jahangir’s beloved wife Nur Jahan was very fond of attar and she used Rose Attar primarily while taking a bath. 

Attar distillation in India first took place in the sacred city of Kannauj. A legend goes by that ascetics or sadhus, who landed in Kannauj used to procure certain scented herbs which they used to light bonfires. The shepherds while grazing their cattle found that the smell lingered on even after the sadhus left the place. This led to the search of the herbs and finally, attars began to be produced in India itself. 

 

Most Famous Indian Attar Perfumes you should use

Attars are characterized on the basis of raw materials used to produce them. Following are the names of top attars made in India that you should try at least once in a lifetime:

Mitti Attar (The Scent of Rain)

Who doesn’t like the beautiful smell of earth after the first rain of monsoon? The scent of the dry earth turning wet gives you a sense of rejuvenation, which is captured in this unique attar. You can consider it for daily use because of the soothing aroma which acts as a stress-buster.

Best Weather – Summer is the best time for using this one-of-a-kind perfume since it provides a cooling effect on the body.

Ruh Gulab (Rose Attar)

The smell of rose is enough to experience the bliss of heaven. Extracted from the Indian Rose damascena, it is one of the most pleasant attars ever made.

Rose flower represents love in most cultures and the fragrance of it is acknowledged by many as the sweetest scent of nature. It is best suited for special occasions such as weddings, family functions, or just for a meeting with your loved one.

Best Weather– Being a ‘Cold’ attar, you can prefer it during the summer but it can also be used in all seasons, especially for your memorable moments.

 

Ruh Khus (Vetiver Attar)

Made from the roots of the vetiver plant, this attar is known for its quite rich aroma. It has an earthy, woody smell and is also known as the ‘Oil of Tranquility’, an oil to calm your body from the hassles of everyday life. It is one of the ancient attars used in India and has still not lost its popularity among regular attar enthusiasts.

Best Weather– An all-seasons’ favorite, this attar will be perfect for you if you want something for both daily usage and exclusive events.

 

Saffron Attar(Kesar or Zaffran Attar)

Saffron is known for being a rare and precious spice found on our plant. Found in northern India particularly in Kashmir, raw Saffron is an expensive thing and thus its ‘attar’ is also costlier than many others available in the market.

Because only a few people can afford its pleasure, Saffron Attar symbolizes a lavish lifestyle. The same reason is why it used in many religious ceremonies.

It has a spicy and floral odor. Also, this attar is favored in aromatherapy as well. Not only that, but it has many medicinal applications also. It is recommended for you if the relaxation of mind is your main purpose.

Best Weather- Characterized as a ‘warm’ type of attar, it is suggested to be used mainly in winters. However, it is also ideal to enhance your celebrations.

 

Jasmine Attar (Kesar or ZaffranAttar)

Jasmine is one of the most known and cherished flowers found on our planet and the same value its ‘attar’ has. It creates a romantic floral ambiance and its sweet and sharp essence is adored by both men and women. Like most of the other attars, it is also preferred by many for its stress-busting attribute, which can relax and refresh your mind and body at the same time.

Best Weather- It is suitable for almost every situation; you can call it ‘the all-rounder of attars.’

 

Where to Buy Natural Attars Online?

Despite being the kind of fragrances, attar can lose most of its values if not extracted properly. At Sugmy Fragrance, we produce 100% natural attar by extraction through steam distillation. The process is carried out at our manufacturing plant based in Kannauj, India.Only 100% pure and organic raw materials are used to extract attar at Sugmy. The reason why we are able to maintain our standard of quality is that we get our raw materials directly from the farmers, cutting the costs incurred by middlemen. That is how we make sure that our end products are absolutely pure, keeping in mind the well being of our farmer friends.Apart from our star product i.e attar, we also deal in 100% organic essential oils and natural perfumes. Continue shopping to experience the best of results with Sugmy.

Know Your Attars A Little Better: A Brief History and the Traditional Method of Extraction

A Brief History About the Origin of Attar

Attar or Ittar has it’s etymology in Arabic term literally meaning ‘scent’. There are many stories about the origin of attar and it dates back to as far as 5000 years old Indus Valley Civilization. Archeological excavations of Indus Valley Civilization reveal certain round copper stills. Detailed study by archeologists document that these stills were used to make attar. These stills called Deg were carried around by attar makers to collect different flowers in full bloom. The petals of these flowers like Rose and Jasmine were used to prepare attar.

Mughal Emperor Jahangir was one of the first patrons of attar who promoted the production on an industrial scale. Emperor Jahangir’s beloved wife Nur Jahan was very fond of attar and she used Rose Attar primarily while taking a bath. 

Attar distillation in India first took place in the sacred city of Kannauj. A legend goes that ascetics or sadhus, who landed in Kannauj used to procure certain scented herbs which they used to light bonfires. The shepherds while grazing their cattle found that the smell lingered on even after the sadhus left the place. This led to the search of the herbs and finally attars began to be produced in India itself. 

 

How is Attar Extracted?

The method believed to be followed during the Indus Valley Civilization to prepare attar was quite simple. Degs were used to hold the water in which the petals of sweet smelling flowers were added. As the time passed by. The petals infused their scent into the water and itself dried up. The petals were removed from the concoction and what was left was the fragrant attar. 

Evolution in technology has made little effect on the procedure of extraction of attar. The traditional method called the ‘Deg and Bhapka‘ is still the most preferred method because it helps the attar in retaining its medicinal qualities. ‘Deg‘ is the copper still and ‘Bhapka‘ means steam. In a way it is the predecessor of the steam distillation method being followed today. In this method:

  • Dewy flowers are picked in the twilight. This is a task which requires skill, hence experienced workers are used to pick flowers.
  • The flowers are then collected and taken into the distillery.
  • Petals are soaked in water for sometime and then transported into copper stools called Degs 
  • The next step is to seal the Degs to lock the steam from escaping.
  • The Deg is connected to a copper pot via a hollow bamboo pipe called chonga.
  • The Deg is now heated till steam starts to form.
  • As the still is heated, the water molecules from the petal and water mixture start to evaporate and change into steam.
  • After a few hours, the distillate is condensed and then the mixture is connected to the set up.
  • The filtered liquid is emptied out in a copper utensil and again the same process is repeated. 
  • The attar extracted as a result of second distillation is in the purest form. 

 

Some Medicinal Benefits of Attar:

Attar when extracted through the process of Deg and Bhapka or Cold Press method, are said to be in the purest form. According to Ancient Ayurveda, attar is said to contain amazing healing properties. Some of these are:

  • Relief from headache, and muscle tension.
  • Relief from stomach related problems.
  • Has anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Immunity enhancer.
  • Relief from insomnia.
  • Helps to uplift the mood.
  • Can be useful in motion sickness.

 

Some Fun Facts About ‘Attar’

  • ‘Attars’ have a distinct and strong smell which stays on for quite a few days.
  • Unlike generic perfumes which come in a spray form, attar is an oil based fragrance.
  • Generic perfumes mostly contain alcohol in them while attar is absolutely natural and safe for skin.
  • Pure attar is like wine. The longer it stays, the better it gets.
  • Attar doesn’t expire.
  • In Islamic culture, people use attar or musk as it is an integral part of their daily lives. 
  • It is a way of connecting with Allah, they believe. Thus, attar symbolises purity itself.
  • To have the best experience of the fragrance of attar, it should be applied to the inner side of both the wrists and behind each earlobe.
  • These are the pressure points which will allow the fragrance to linger a bit longer than usual. 
  • There are strict mandates of wearing attar which should be followed by people of Islamic culture.
  • There are different attar for different seasons and moods.

 

Where to Buy 100% Natural Attars Online?

Despite being the kind of fragrances, attar can lose most of its values if not extracted properly. At Sugmy Fragrance, we produce 100% natural attar by extraction through steam distillation. The process is carried out at our manufacturing plant based in Kannauj, India.Only 100% pure and organic raw materials are used to extract attar at Sugmy. The reason why we are able to maintain our standard of quality is because we get our raw materials directly from the farmers, cutting the costs incurred by middlemen. That is how we make sure that our end products are absolutely pure, keeping in mind the well being of our farmer friends.